Most Recent Stories

Three Things I Think I Think – Myths that Never Die

Here are some things I think I am thinking about.

1) The government is running out of money – NOT. It’s hard to kill old myths. Really hard. I’ve spent countless hours trying to debunk the idea that the US government is “running out of money”. But here we are having another debate about the “debt ceiling” and this fake idea that a government with a literal printing press is somehow going to run out of money because we imposed a fake credit limit on it. I’ve explained the absurdity of the “debt ceiling” before so I won’t bore you with it again. But what really bothers me is that we’re now engaging in all these silly counterproposals to overcome the silliness of the “debt ceiling”. For instance, there has been endless chatter about this “trillion dollar coin”. An idea, which, interestingly, first gained momentum on THIS WEBSITE when a commenter and friend of mine brought it up back when I had comments here. I actually promoted the idea for a brief while in order to highlight how absurd the debt ceiling was. But I never thought it might actually come to fruition.

Anyhow, I guess absurd problems sometimes require absurd solutions. Personally, I am with Janet Yellen at this point and I think the coin idea shouldn’t be on the table unless we’re actually on the verge of self imposed default (which, I don’t think will happen). I wish we would stop entertaining all of these silly ideas. And the root cause of the silly ideas is the debt ceiling and this farcical “limit” on how much debt we can issue. So, again, it’s time to end the debt ceiling and stop disrupting the bond market and government operations over a meaningless “debt limit”.

2) Bond Prices Fall When Bond Yields Rise – NOT. One of the first things you learn in finance is this idea that bond prices fall when interest rates rise (and vice versa). But this is only true in the short-term. For instance, if you invest $100 in a 5 year bond yielding 2% and you hold that bond to maturity then you’ll just clip a 2% coupon every year and you’ll get your $100 back at maturity. If rates rise that entire time you’ll still earn your 2% and you’ll still get your $100 back at year 5. Of course, if you try to trade that bond in the short-term then you’ll incur a cost to trade up to the higher yielding instrument. So, it’s better to say that changing bond yields cause changing bond prices in the short-run. 

I got to thinking about all this because of a great thread from Corey Hoffstein on twitter. The basic gist of the thread is, the narrative we usually hear about how falling rates caused good bond returns, is misleading. The reason past bond returns were so good is because past rates were so high. Full stop. It wasn’t about falling rates causing higher bond prices. It was about higher rates yielding higher coupons on average. The opposite is also true though. Just like falling yields didn’t cause the bond bull market, rising rates wouldn’t necessarily cause a bond bear market. Sure, it’s factually true that lower rates mean lower future bond returns. But as I’ve shown in the past, rising rates don’t mean bonds won’t generate positive returns going forward.

Of course, the natural response here is that bonds will lose value in real terms if rates rise. And that’s absolutely true. But I’d argue that bonds aren’t an inflation hedge. They’re a principal hedge. And if you want principal stability then you need to accept a basic trade off of short-term liquidity certainty in exchange for short-term pricing power instability. And that’s where all your other assets come into play. It’s not an either or choice. You can have good inflation hedges in your portfolio AND also have certain liquidity instruments that will lose purchasing power in the long-term in exchange for principal certainty. That’s one of the main reasons we diversify. You can have your cake and eat it too. If you diversify properly you’ll have liquidity buckets AND inflation hedging buckets that help your overall portfolio maintain some level of purchasing power while also helping you meet short-term expenditures by creating liquidity certainty.

Unfortunately, I’ve spent my entire career listening to people tell me how interest rates are low and that that means bond prices must fall. No.

3) Market Forecasts are Bad – NOT. Here’s Vanguard talking about why long-term passive investors should utilize market forecasts. I fully endorse their view here and I don’t think there’s any inconsistency in making forecasts while investing. I think where people start getting into trouble is when they start trying to predict what GDP is going to be next quarter and they start day trading around these ideas. That’s the wrong way to do this. The right way to do this is to start from a reasonable foundation where we try to create a probability set of future outcomes and then apply an allocation that is consistent with our behavior and financial goals that is within the range of those predicted outcomes. Any good financial planner has to make some estimates about future returns, future inflation, etc. There’s nothing wrong with that. And as I’ve described in the past, great investors think in terms of probabilities. And the further out we tend to forecast the more accurate those forecasts tend to look. For instance, I have no idea what stocks will do over the next 24 hours or 24 months. But I know with a pretty high level of certainty that stocks will generate positive returns over the next 24 years.

In short, be skeptical of people making short-term forecasts trying to entice you to make short-term portfolio decisions, but embrace the need to make long-term forecasts in the process of constructing a practical portfolio that is applied to specific future (mostly long-term) time periods.

NB – Here’s a live shot of the Fed waiting to review Bitcoin ETF applications. This show (Squid Game), by the way, is both amazing, disturbing and thought provoking. It’s a very critical assessment of our monetary system. More on that another day.